Climate Action

Tarmac lime kiln in net zero Hydrogen trial


“Lime has been manufactured in the Peak District for centuries and this forward-thinking project aims to ensure the future of this nationally significant industry as the UK transitions to net zero.”

Graham Cooper, sustainability director at Tarmac

A hydrogen lime trial, led by our Tunstead site near Buxton, was the culmination of a project funded by the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS)*, which demonstrated the significant potential to use hydrogen as a viable fuel alternative to natural gas for commercial-scale production of lime. Several trials were conducted with differing energy replacements, which culminated in a 100% replacement of the natural gas.

* Now the Department for Energy Security and Net Zero (DESNZ)

Lime is currently manufactured in high temperature kilns heating calcium carbonate from limestone to around 1,000°C. Using hydrogen as a fuel ensures that no CO2 is produced from fuel combustion, and that only water vapour is emitted.

Commenting on the innovative trial, Graham Cooper, sustainability director at Tarmac said: “High purity limes are essential for our way of life and are used in a diverse range of sectors, from wastewater treatment through to the manufacturing of pharmaceuticals and cosmetics.

Dr Diana Casey, director of energy and climate change at the Mineral Products Association, which managed the overall project, said: “Our sector is committed to ground-breaking collaborative research and innovation to meet the industry’s net zero objectives.

“This trial has shown that lime manufacture can and will be part of a future net zero society. What is needed now is investment and infrastructure development to enable the roll out of this technology at a commercial scale at sites across the country.”

At the time, the former Minister for Energy, Clean Growth and Climate Change, Greg Hands, said: “Backed by £2.8 million in government funding, this project is helping industry move away from fossil fuels and cut energy bills.

“Developing hydrogen technology is vital to accelerating the UK’s energy independence by boosting clean, home-grown, affordable energy.”

The project was funded by BEIS as part of its Industrial Fuel Switching Competition and formed part of fuel-switching trials managed by the MPA at three sites across the lime and cement sectors.

A second demonstration using hydrogen, meat and bonemeal, and by-products from biodiesel industries was used to fuel a cement kiln’s main burner at a plant in Ribblesdale, Lancashire as part of the same programme.

A third demonstration, also at Tunstead but on the cement plant investigated the use of plasma (electrical) energy to heat the calciner.

The results from these projects will be shared with lime and cement producers and other energy-intensive industries, both in the UK and globally, as best practice examples, with the aim of spreading and maximising the environmental benefits of the technology.